1. Protecting individuals from the processing of personal data is a fundamental right. Article 8, paragraph 1 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union ('Charter') and Article 16, paragraph 1, of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union provide that every person has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him.

2. The principles and rules governing the protection of individuals with respect to the handling of personal data about them should, regardless of the nationality or residence of these individuals, respect their fundamental freedoms and rights, in particular their right to the protection of personal data. This regulation aims to contribute to the achievement of an area of freedom, security and justice and economic union, to economic and social progress, to the consolidation and convergence of economies within the internal market, and to the well-being of individuals.

3. The European Parliament and Council Directive 95/46/EC (4) aims to harmonize the protection of fundamental human rights and freedoms in processing activities and to ensure the free flow of personal data between Member States.